Iodine-containing medications used in thyroid diseases
Iodine is a vital microelement that is part of the thyroid hormones thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) and enables normal thyroid functioning. After entry of iodine into the epithelial cells of the thyroid follicles, it is oxidized into elemental iodine by of thyroid peroxidase.
Prevention of iodine deficiency.
Prevention of recurrence of iodine-deficiency goiter after its surgical removal and also after completion of complex treatment with thyroid hormone-based drugs.
Treatment of diffuse euthyroid goiter.
For prevention, adults and children aged 12 years and over should take Antistrumin-Darnitsa orally after a meal, 1 tablet (1 mg of potassium iodide) once per 7 days, with a large amount of liquid; the duration of the prophylactic treatment is up to several years.
For treatment of diffuse goiter, the daily dose for adults and children over 12 years old is 1 tablet, the drug should be taken 2–3 times per week.
Treatment of goiter in adults and children aged 12 years and over usually takes 6 to 12 months or longer.
Generally, the issue of dosing and duration of administration for the prevention or treatment of thyroid diseases is decided by a physician on an individual basis.
To prevent irritating the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, the drug should be taken with milk, kissel, or sweat tea.