Systemic antimicrobial agents. Antimycobacterial agents. Antituberculosis drugs. Ethambutol
Ethambutol is a second-line antituberculosis drug. It has a bacteriostatic effect only on М. tuberculosis, including strains resistant to streptomycin, kanamycin, isoniazid, aminosalicylic acid, and ethionamide.
Treatment of different forms of tuberculosis (only in combination with other antituberculosis drugs).
Intended for adults and children aged over 13 years.
Primary treatment: the medicine is prescribed at a dose of 15 mg/kg body weight once per day.
Repeat treatment course: the medicine is prescribed at a dose of 25 mg/kg once per day, then switched to 15 mg/kg once per day.
During the period when the patient is taking the dose of 25 mg/kg body weight, a monthly examination by an ophthalmologist is recommended.
In functional renal failure: the medicine is prescribed depending on the creatinine clearance rate
The maximum daily dose for adults is 2 g.
The maximum daily dose for children is 1 g.
The duration of the treatment course depends on the form of tuberculosis, and is from 6 to 12 months.
The administration of ethambutol after meals improves its tolerability.