Mineral supplements. Calcium drugs. Calcium gluconate
Calcium gluconate is a calcium salt of gluconic acid containing 9% calcium. Calcium ions are involved in nerve impulse transmission, smooth and skeletal muscle contraction, myocardial functioning, blood clotting processes; they are required for bone tissue formation, and normal functioning of other systems and organs.
Diseases accompanied by hypocalcemia, increased permeability of cell membranes, impaired nerve impulse transmission in muscle tissue.
Hypoparathyroidism (latent tetany, osteoporosis), impaired vitamin D metabolism (rickets, spasmophilia, osteomalacia), hyperphosphatemia in patients with chronic renal failure.
Increased calcium requirement (intensive growth period in children and adolescents; pregnancy, breastfeeding), insufficient calcium content in food, its impaired metabolism in the postmenopausal period, bone fractures.
Increased calcium excretion (prolonged bed rest, chronic diarrhoea, hypocalcemia due to long-term administration of diuretics, anticonvulsants, and glucocorticosteroids).
In complex therapy: bleeding of different aetiology; allergic diseases (serum sickness, urticaria, fever syndrome, itchy dermatoses, angioneurotic oedema); bronchial asthma, alimentary dystrophic oedema, pulmonary tuberculosis, eclampsia, parenchymal hepatitis, toxic liver damage, nephritis.
As an antidote for poisoning with magnesium salts, oxalic acid, soluble fluoric acid salts (interaction with calcium gluconate leads to the formation of insoluble and non-toxic calcium oxalate and calcium fluoride).
The tablet must be chewed or crushed.
Calcium gluconate is taken orally before meals.
Single doses: 1-3 g (2-6 tablets) in adults and children aged 14 years and over, 1 g (2 tablets) in children aged 3 to 4, 1-1.5 g (2-3 tablets) in children aged 5 to 6, 1.5-2 g (3-4 tablets) in children aged 7 to 9,
2-3 g (4-6 tablets) in children aged 10 to 14 years. Take 2-3 times a day.
The daily dose for elderly patients should not exceed 2 g (4 tablets).
The duration of treatment is determined individually by the physician depending on the patient's condition.
Calcium gluconate is intended for children aged 3 years and over.