Ophthalmic and otic medicines
Myramistin is a cationic surfactant with an antimicrobial (antiseptic) action. The action of myramistin is based on the direct hydrophobic interaction of the molecule with the membrane lipids of microorganisms that leads to their fragmentation and destruction.
In the complex treatment of infectious processes in the anterior part of the eye (blepharitis, conjunctivitis, keratitis, keratouveitis) caused by gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, chlamydia, fungi and viruses sensitive to myramistin, eye injuries, eye burns (thermal and chemical).
Prevention of ophthalmia neonatorum, including gonococcal and chlamydial.
Prevention and treatment of purulent inflammatory ocular lesions in the pre- and postoperative period.
For the treatment of infectious processes in the anterior part of the eye, in adults and children from the age of 12 years instillation is performed into the conjunctival sac, 2–3 drops; for children under 12 years — 1–2 drops, 4–6 times per day. The duration of treatment usually does not exceed 2 weeks.
To prevent complications in the pre- and postoperative period: 2–3 drops 3 times per day for 2–3 days before surgery. After surgery: for 3–5 days, 1–2 drops 3 times per day.
In the treatment of eye burns, after rinsing the eye with a large amount of water, frequent instillations (every 5–10 minutes) are carried out over 1–2 hours. For further treatment, the medicine is used in adults and children 12 years of age and over — 2–3 drops, for children under 12 years —1–2 drops 4–6 times per day.
For the prevention of ophthalmia neonatorum, the infant is instilled immediately after birth with 1 drop of the drug into each eye 3 times with an interval of 2–3 minutes.