Ophthalmic and otic medicines. Anti-oedemic and other drugs for topical use in nasal diseases
Myramistin is a cationic surfactant with an antimicrobial (antiseptic) action. The action of myramistin is based on the direct hydrophobic interaction of the molecule with the membrane lipids of microorganisms that leads to their fragmentation and destruction.
In the complex treatment of infectious processes in the anterior part of the eye (blepharitis, conjunctivitis, keratitis, keratouveitis) caused by gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, chlamydia, fungi and viruses sensitive to myramistin, eye injuries, eye burns (thermal and chemical).
Prevention of ophthalmia neonatorum, including gonococcal and chlamydial. Prevention and treatment of purulent inflammatory ocular lesions in the pre- and postoperative period.
In the complex treatment of acute and chronic otitis externa, chronic purulent mesotympanitis, otomycosis.
In the complex treatment of acute rhinitis.
For the treatment of infectious processes of the anterior part of the eye, in adults and children from the age of 12 years installation is performed into the conjunctival sac, 2–3 drops, for children under 12 years — 1–2 drops, 4–6 times per day. The duration of treatment usually does not exceed 2 weeks.
To prevent complications in the pre- and postoperative period: 2–3 drops 3 times per day for 2–3 days before surgery. After surgery: for 3–5 days, 1–2 drops 3 times per day.
In the treatment of eye burns, after rinsing the eye with a large amount of water, frequent instillations (every 5–10 minutes) are carried out over 1–2 hours. For further treatment, the medicine is used in adults and children 12 years of age and over — 2–3 drops, for children under 12 years —1–2 drops 4–6 times per day.
For the prevention of ophthalmia neonatorum, the infant is instilled immediately after birth with 1 drop of the medicine into each eye 3 times with an interval of 2–3 minutes.
In the treatment of acute and chronic otitis externa, otomycosis.
for adults and children from the age of 12 years, instill 3–5 drops 4–6 times a day;
for children aged under 12 years — 2–3 drops 4–6 times a day.
A gauze turunda soaked in the medicine (instead of instillation) can be placed inside the ear canal 4–6 times a day for 10–14 days.
In chronic mesotympanitis, use in complex treatment with ultrasonic irrigation or by introduction into the tympanic cavity together with antibiotics.
In the treatment of acute rhinitis, infections of the nasal mucosa instill 2–3 drops in adults and children of 12 years of age and over, 1–2 drops in children under 12 years of age, in each nasal passage 4–6 times a day. The treatment course is 7 to 14 days.
Dosage. Accurate dosing is achieved by pressing the bottom of the vial: 1 press = 1 drop.