Xylometazoline is an α-adrenoceptor, narrowing the peripheral vessels. When applied to the mucous membrane of the nose, xylometazoline reduces oedema, reduces hyperemia, exudation, and facilitates nasal breathing.
The medicine should be prescribed for symptomatic treatment of nasal congestion in colds, hay fever, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis; to facilitate the outflow of secretions in paranasal sinus diseases; as an adjuvant therapy in otitis media (to reduce swelling of the nasal mucosa); to facilitate rhinoscopy.
The vial is tamper-proof. During the first use, it is necessary to twist the cap off, separating it from the protective ring.