Blood substitutes and perfusion solutions. Electrolyte solutions
Calcium Chloride-Darnitsa eliminates calcium ion deficiency. Calcium ions are involved in nerve impulse transmission, smooth and skeletal muscle contraction, myocardial functioning, blood clotting processes; they are required for bone tissue formation, and normal functioning of other systems and organs.
Hypocalcemia requiring a rapid increase in plasma calcium ion concentration (tetany in functional failure of the parathyroid gland, tetany in vitamin D deficiency, hypocalcemia in exchange transfusion and citrated blood transfusion, alkalosis).
As part of complex therapy in acute lead poisoning.
Magnesium intoxication caused by magnesium overdose.
ECG-recorded hyperkalemia as a cardiac function disorder.
Calcium chloride is prescribed as an intravenous push (very slowly) and intravenous drip (slowly).
Intravenous push: administer 5 ml of 10% solution at a rate of 1 ml/min.
Intravenous drip: dilute 5–10 ml of 10% medicine solution in 100–200 ml of 0.9% sodium chloride solution or 5% glucose solution; administer at a rate of 6–8 drops/min.
Hypocalcemia: administer slowly, at a rate of 0.5 ml/min, at a dose of 10–20 mg/kg body weight (0.1–0.2 ml/kg body weight), repeat every 4–6 hours if necessary.
Tetany: 10 mg/kg body weight (0.1 ml/kg body weight) over 5–10 minutes, repeated after 6 hours or continue as an infusion if necessary. The maximum daily dose for children (regardless of age) is 10 ml (1,000 mg).