Local anaesthetics. Lidocaine
A local anaesthetic for terminal, infiltration, and conduction anaesthesia. The relative toxicity of lidocaine hydrochloride depends on the solution concentration.
Local anaesthesia (terminal, infiltration, conduction) in surgery, ophthalmology, dentistry, otolaryngology; blocks of peripheral nerves and nerve plexuses in various pain syndromes.
Before using lidocaine hydrochloride, a skin test for hypersensitivity to the drug is required. Hypersensitivity manifests as swelling and redness at the injection site.
For local anaesthesia, inject (subcutaneously, intramuscularly) and apply topically on mucous membranes. Intravascular administration of the drug should be avoided.
For children in all types of peripheral anaesthesia, the total dose of lidocaine hydrochloride should not exceed 3 mg/kg body weight.